Team Handball originated in Europe in the1900s and recognizes over 140 countries as members of the International handball Federation. Handball first appeared in the Olympics in the 1936 Berlin Games as an outdoor sport, with 11 players on a side. It was not played again at the Olympic games until 1972, where it was played indoors with 7 players on each side. Women’s handball was added to the Olympic Games in 1976.
Object of the Game
combines the elements of soccer and basketball, as six players move the ball
down a floor that is larger than a basketball court and try to score by throwing
the ball past a goalkeeper into the net. A successful scoring attempt results in
the award of a single point. Typical final scores in this action-packed game run
in the mid twenties.
regulation game is played in 30 minute halves with one team timeout per half. A
coin toss determines which team starts the game with a throw-off. The clock
stops only for team timeouts, injuries, and at the referee’s discretion.
court is slightly larger than a basketball court. Regulation size is 20x40
meters (65’7” x 131’ 3”). All court lines are referred to by their
measurement in meters.
most significant line on the court is the 6-meter line or goal area line. Only
the goalie is allowed inside the goal area. Players may jump into the goal area
if they release the ball before landing in the area. The 9-meter line, or free
throw line, is used for minor penalties, while the 7-meter line, or penalty
line, is used for penalty shots, much like penalty kicks in soccer.
versatile game, team handball can be played indoors in the gym, outdoors on the
grass, on a paved area or on the beach.
official size goal measures 2 meters high (6’7”) and three meters wide
(9’10”). The net is one meter deep at the base of the goal.
handball is made of leather and is about the size of a large cantaloupe. It
varies in size and weight according to the group playing. The ball for men
weighs 15-17 oz. and is 23-24" in circumference. Women and juniors use a
smaller ball weighing 12-14 oz. and 21-22" in circumference. Youth use
smaller varieties of balls for mini-handball.
game is played between two teams. Seven players on each team are allowed on the
court at the same time (6 court players and 1 goalie). Unlimited
substitution is allowed. Substitutes may enter the game at any time through
their own substitution area as long as the players they are replacing have left
Players are allowed to:
Dribble the ball for an unlimited amount of time
Run with the ball for up to three steps before and after dribbles
Hold the ball without
moving for three seconds.
Endanger an opponent with the ball
Pull, hit, or punch the ball out of the hands of an opponent
the ball below the knees
– for a minor foul or violation, a free throw is awarded to the opponents at
the exact spot it took place. If the foul occurs between the goal area line and
the 9 meter line, the throw is taken from the nearest point outside the 9-meter
line. All players on the team taking a free-throw must be outside the 9-meter
line. Opponents must be 3 meters away from the ball when the throw is taken.
7-Meter Penalty Shot is awarded when
A foul destroys a clear chance to score a goal
The goalie carries the ball back into the goalie area
court player intentionally plays the ball to his or her own goalie in the
goal area and the goalie touches the ball
players must be outside the free-throw line when the throw is taken. The player
taking the throw has 3 seconds to shoot after the referee whistles. Any player
may take the 7-meter throw.